An Explanation to the Goal Construct and its Application in Generating Motivation in Architecture Novice



  Development of Iran’s foreign affairs in the early 1300s Shamsi resulted in many changes in the structure of society, culture, politics and education. Along with these developments, architecture education has changed from traditional to academic. In1378 Shamsi, Supreme Council of Education changed the degree from integrated masters to undergraduate and post graduate and eliminated special entrance exam. These changes resulted in lack of proper understanding of candidates about architecture as a major and lack or loss of motivation about major and work among students specially novice. Since this issue has become one of the major concerns of architecture education, it is necessary to study reasons of its occurrence and find ways to increase motivation and resolve the issue.   Teachers and students proper “goal” setting is deemed to be conducive in generating motivation in students. Based on “goals construct” and through studying and reviewing literature in the field of educational psychology and examining its general educational applications, this research is to propose some architectural applications and educational examples in regard to generating and increasing motivation in novice architecture students. The research method was survey. These applications, as a main result of the study, have been put together in a questionnaire which is then distributed among 12 architecture experts to collect their points of view. The method was Delphi. Experts’ ideas were analyzed by Fridman test. Results showed that all respondents had consensus about proposed applications. The result of this study includes eighteen applications which were formulated based on the context of three theories namely, "goal setting theory", "goal orientation theory" and "mastery motivation theory".