Volume 1, Issue 11 (8-2017)                   JIAS 2017, 1(11): 169-188 | Back to browse issues page

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Abuei R, Nikzad Z. Conservation of Architecture and its Relation to the History of Architecture:A Glance on Conservational Experiences in Iran . JIAS. 2017; 1 (11) :169-188
URL: http://jias.kashanu.ac.ir/article-1-1386-en.html
Abstract:   (357 Views)
Conservation and history of architecture are separate disciplines, each having their own concepts. Conservation regards the protection of a historical property and the continued life of a monument, while the history of architecture tries to identify and understand the architecture of the past. Conservation deals with historical monuments that constitute remaining evidence of architectural history. In addition to the future of these monuments, an investigation of their history is also of paramount importance in conservation. In this research, we try to understand the kind of relationship between conservation of architecture and history of architecture. This paper aims to interpret their relationship for a better understanding of architectural history in Iran. The research employs a descriptive-analytical method and logical reasoning. Data collection procedure included library research and, in some cases, field observations. Furthermore, the subject of conservation was defined in both theory and practice and the history of architecture was provided with two interpretations. The confluence of the two disciplines comes about at two major points in the profession of conservation. The first point is at the phase of preliminary studies–which mostly fall in the realm of the history of architecture–without which proper conservation is impossible. The second point occurs in the practice of conservation when signs, which were unknown earlier, are discovered during conservation works. The signs are, in fact, new evidence to be used in history of architecture. The inter-relation of a conservationist’s method of conservation and his/her approach to the history of architecture can be either that of a facilitator or obstructor. Since the mid-1960s, conservation works in Iran express a relationship between architectural conservation and architectural history. Historiographies of some monuments such as the Masjed-e Jāme‘, Ālī-Qāpū Palace, and Chehel Sotūn Palace of Isfahan, as well as the Masjed-e Jāme‘ of Ardestan were written alongside conservation works. The studies published show that findings during the practice of conservation are based on evidence and facts coming from the monument, and hence, they are quite different from historiographies that were produced in other ways.
Full-Text [PDF 1727 kb]   (259 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/10/4 | Accepted: 2017/10/4 | Published: 2017/10/4

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