Volume 1, Issue 10 (2-2017)                   JIAS 2017, 1(10): 183-206 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (849 Views)

During the past years, many educational centers have been created in our country without regard for the needs of users and learners in the built/open spaces. Due to the growing trend of students enrolling and warm weather conditions in Kashan which has negative impacts on the level of interaction, this study aims to evaluate social quality in the University of Kashan in terms of criteria such as sociability, walkability, flexibility, vitality, legibility, safety, and sensory richness. The evaluation criteria were drawn from the views of urbanists, which were then tested through questionnaires and field data and rated by the Likert scale. Finally, they were assigned weights using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. The outcome of the evaluation shows intermediate values for all criteria in the university campus. Sociability, walkability, flexibility, vitality, legibility and safety criteria rates fall in the medium range, while sensory richness rate falls in the poor range. For instance, some major weaknesses seen under sociability are low-quality furniture and inappropriate combinations of land use; under walkability, inappropriate furniture and paving; under flexibility, incompatible interior and exterior activities and poor-quality spaces in hangouts; under vitality, poor quality of green and public spaces and inefficient transport system; under legibility, insufficient installed signage; under safety, nighttime problems and interfering vehicular and pedestrian routes; and finally, low quality under sensory richness. However, some factors such as safety at daytime, campus lighting system and quantity of green spaces are accounted as strengths in the campus. Public spaces, largely ignored in the Development Plan of the University, are in need of flexible designs. So, in addition to paying particular attention to measures with low values, emphasis should be made on improving places that have the potential of becoming successful public spaces, on re-organization of circulation routes, on re-design of bicycle paths, and etc.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special