Volume 1, Issue 10 (2-2017)                   JIAS 2017, 1(10): 141-160 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (851 Views)

The architectural profession and architectural education involve procedures deeply rooted in the cultural, historical, geographical and social context of any country. One of the major goals of architectural education should be training architects who are able to practice architecture based on their understanding of cultural characteristics. Thus today, the significant question regarding architectural education is whether the current system in Iran can prepare young architects to respond to regional/vernacular concerns and design ingeniously in the cultural context of their country. Content analysis method was applied in evaluating architectural education using cultural criteria. First, the definitions of ‘culture’ were studied, and next, three major criteria were defined including ‘world-view and beliefs’, ‘history’, and ‘geography’. Each of these criteria consists of different factors that influence architecture, which were derived using the Delphi method. Second, the current architectural curriculum in Iran was evaluated based on the criteria and factors defined in the first step. In this evaluation, undergraduate curriculums of architectural education in three main programs were selected and studied: The Undergraduate Program of Architecture approved by the High Council of Programming of the Ministry of Science and High Education (1998), and The Revised Undergraduate Programs of Architecture in Shahid Beheshti University (2005) and University of Tehran (2012). The results estimate how much value is given to each cultural criterion in the text of each course description in the curriculum, which is categorized into four groups of courses: ‘architectural design’, ‘history and theory’, ‘building techniques’, and ‘electives’. The results show that the values given to cultural criteria of world-view, history, and geography are not consistent across the three programs and that the curriculums lack an overall proper consideration of cultural criteria. Each of the four categories of courses offers a good capacity to include cultural criteria as rendered in course descriptions. Revision of architectural education programs with a content analysis approach and developing new courses offers an opportunity to compensate for the shortcomings of the current educational system according to cultural contexts.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special