Volume 1, Issue 9 (8-2016)                   JIAS 2016, 1(9): 101-122 | Back to browse issues page

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Ibrahim Zarei M, Mirdehghan F, Khademzadeh M H. The Decorations and Their Ornamental Value in Residential Architecture During Muzaffarid Dynasty in Yazd, Iran. JIAS. 2016; 1 (9) :101-122
URL: http://jias.kashanu.ac.ir/article-1-1019-en.html
Abstract:   (844 Views)

The Muzaffarid is one of the most important historical periods, which brought glory and prosperity for Yazd as well as providing peace and stability in the region for half a century. Construction of various structures and residential buildings flourished during this period, which their structural decorations and architectural ornamentations styles and techniques were diverse and demanding. However, not much research has been conducted in this respect and thus the present study aims investigate and elucidate the place of architectural decoration styles of this period through a historical and descriptive approach. The research was conducted via two steps; first, the historical data were collected from related historical documents and manuscripts; and second, the data and their documentation were provided via field studies based on the previously collected data for the final analysis. The present study seeks to address the following research questions that what are the commonly applied decorative styles in the houses of Muzaffarid period. Then what are the properties and dimensions of these decorative styles in the houses found in both urban and rural fabric in the region. Finally, what is the place and state of these decorative styles in residential architectural of Muzaffarid period. Based on the results several styles of decorations such as mud decorations, ‘TONGBORI’, stucco works as well as decorative corbel vaults, murals etc. are applied in the surveyed residences. Construction of some of these decorative styles was quite simple and primary by ordinary construction tools that are still visible in some houses. However, there are other complex decorations, which have demanded a certain delicacy and elegance in the few instances manifesting the social status of the owner or the  importance of that village or the town. The mud work decorations with their unique implementation techniques were the most commonly used decorative element in the houses of this region during this period, which can be used as an indicator for evaluating the significance of the structure.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special

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